Turmeric, a shrub related to ginger, is grown throughout India, other parts of Asia, and Africa. Known for its warm, bitter taste and golden color, turmeric is commonly used in fabric dyes and foods such as curry powders, mustards, and cheeses. It should not be confused with Javanese turmeric.
Cranberries are the fruit of a native plant of North America. These red berries are used in foods and in herbal products.
Common Names—cranberry, American cranberry, bog cranberry
Latin Name—Vaccinium macrocarpon
What Cranberry Is Used For
Historically, cranberry fruits and leaves were used for a variety of problems
Echinacea, also known as purple coneflower, has gained popularity in recent years as a nutritional supplement that proponents believe is helpful in staving off the common cold and shortening its duration. But given the variation between dosages and formulations—such herbs are not regulated as medical drugs by the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and so makers have little incentive to standardize—it’s hard to get definitive answers as to Echinacea’s effectiveness.
Chasteberry is the fruit of the chaste tree, a small shrub-like tree native to Central Asia and the Mediterranean region. The name is thought to come from a belief that the plant promoted chastity—it is reported that monks in the Middle Ages used chasteberry to decrease sexual desire.
Common Names—chasteberry, chaste-tree berry, vitex, monk's pepper
Latin Name—Vitex agnus-castus